Abt 1671 - 1762 (~ 91 years)
||Jean Baptiste BAUDREAU |
||dit Graveline |
||18 May 1671
||8 Jan 1700
||Jackson County, Mississippi
- arrived from Canada with d'Iberville
||captain of Pascagoula militia; trader of furs, ships, cattle and agricultural goods |
||La Belle Fontaine, Pascagoula, Jackson County, Mississippi
- First settler of Pascagoula, Mississippi, and one of the original settlers of old Mobile.
Married the Indian woman Susanne in 1727 in an attempt to legitimize their son, Jean Baptiste II, born around 1715. In his will, he disowned Jean Baptiste II, stating that he had only married his mother to legitimize him, and then proceeded to list a number of reasons justifying the disinheritance.
Graveline Bay, which borders south Mississippi and south Alabama, is named for him.
- Jean Baptiste Baudreau dit Graveline was born in 1671 in Montreal, the second son of Urbaine Baudreau dit Graveline and Mathurine-Marquerite Juillet. He served with Pierre Le Moyne Sieur D’Iberville in the Battle of the Hudson Bay against the British, and then accompanied D’Iberville on the expedition to the Gulf Coast. He arrived at Fort Maurepas in Biloxi on January 8, 1700 with d’iberville onboard La Renommee. In 1702 Graveline was at Ft. Saint Louis in Old Mobile, north of where the present city is. He became one of the wealthiest men in the colony by trading in furs, ships, and later cattle and agricultural goods. A couple of times he would buy a ship and load it down with goods and send it to Vera Cruz, the West Indies, or even to France for trading.
Graveline also traded frequently with the American Indian tribes in the area. In fact, he only had two documented children, both of which were half Indian. His first child was his daughter Magdeliene. She was never baptized in the church so there is no birth record, she is just recorded as “Magdeliene dit Pany Baudreau the natural child of Graveline and an Indian woman”, on her marriage certificate to Pierre Paquet II on 26 August 1726. Though there is no specific documentation it has been noted the mother of Magdeliene was an Indian woman that Graveline had been living with named Emashapa Panyouasas of the Choctaw nation. Her parents were Opehaw and Alpaha Panyouasas. Again, there is no actual documentation of this as far as I know. Apparently, on one of his trips to France, Graveline married a French woman, which may have been a Martha LaVergne, whom he married in 1710, however, she died in 1713 on Massacre Island, now known as Dauphin Island, Alabama. Then Louisiana governor Cadillac even mentions the death of “the wife of Graveline” in some of his official correspondences. Most researchers seem to think that an unwed Indian woman would not be mentioned in this manner so the deduction is that this wife was a French woman. The only true marriage record for Graveline is one dated 3 July 1727, wherein he married an Indian woman named “Susanne”, who was the mother of his son, notorious by many accounts, Jean Baptist Baudreau dit Graveline II (JB2). His son was ten years old at the time of this marriage and Graveline admits to only marrying Susanne in order to legitimize his son in the church. Iin summation, Graveline had three “wives”, the first Indian woman, Emshapa, the French woman who died, and then lastly Susanne. For the purposes of our discussion of the Quave family, we are most concerned with Graveline’s daughter, though there are many Quaves, including myself, who also are descended from Graveline’s son as well, all of the Quaves are at least descended from Graveline’s daughter Magdaliene.
After the death of Pierre Paquet II, Magdeleine Baudreau Paquet married Francois Alexandre Chenet dit St. Martin (1715-1789) in 1740. They had a daughter named Marianne who was born in 1742. Due to the nature of her mother being a widow, sometimes you may see Marianne listed as a Paquet or as a St. Martin. Regardless of whom her father was, she married Nicholas Ladner dit Christian, the third son of Christian Ladner and Marie Barbe Brunel, around 1758. Nicholas and Marianne lived on Cat Island, MS along with the rest of the Ladner family. Pass Christian and Pass Marianne in the Mississippi Sound are named after Nicholas and Marianne. Nicholas and Marianne had at least 11 children, one of the latter ones being Marie Helene who married a Spanish military man named Juan de las Cuevas, who met the Ladner family after having been sent to Cat Island as part of a reconnaissance group of soldiers.
- Jean-Baptiste Baudrau-First permanent settler in western Jackson County
Jean-Baptiste Baudrau (1671- ca 1762), dit Graveline, was born at Montreal in New France (Canada). In 1700, he landed with Pierre Le Moyne, d’Iberville (1761-1706) at Fort Maurepas in present day Ocean Springs. Iberville was a military commander sent by King Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France to establish and protect “La Louisiane”, the 1682 French claim of Rene Robert Cavalier de La Salle (1643-1687). French Louisiana was defined by La Salle as the watershed of the Mississippi River and its tributaries.
In 1702, Jean-Baptiste Baudreau abandoned Biloxy, the region around Fort Maurepas. With his French cohorts, led by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, de Bienville (1684-1778), Baudrau relocated to Old Mobile. Circa 1718, Baudreau left Dauphin Island to return permanently to what is now Jackson County, Mississippi. He and his family resided on the west side of the Pascagoula River. (Adkinson, et al, 1991, pp. 95-98)
Initially Graveline managed a farm in the present day Martin’s Bluff section. He raised livestock, primarily horned cattle. Graveline utilized Negro and Indian slave labor to work the plantation and tend livestock. (Conrad, 1970, p. 2 and p. 50)
The descendant of Jean-Baptise Baudrau are numbered in the tens of thousands. From this French Canadian adventurer, some of the first families of the Mississippi Coast, which still exist today, Ladner, Bosarge, Fayard, Moran, Grelot (Gollott), Fournier, Ryan, Bang, and Seymour, can trace some of their lineage.
Jean Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline had married an Indian woman who brought forth two children, Magdeleine Baudrau and Jean-Baptiste Baudrau II (d. 1757). Magdelaine married Pierre Paquet Jr. Circa 1758, their daughter, Marie Anne Pacquet (b. 1742) wedded Nicholas Ladner (b. ca 1736-1799) dit Christian. Of further interest in this line, Marie Angelique Baudreau (1776-1853), the daughter of Jean-Batiste Baudrau III (b. ca 1735) and Marie Louise Fayard (b. 1746), married Nicholas Ladner II (1759-ca 1793), son of Nicholas Ladner dit Christian and Marie Anne Pacquet. She married Jacob Bingle (Bang) after the demise of Nicholas Ladner II. (Cassibry II, 1988, pp. 700-704). [Believe Cassibry revises some of this in later edition. Need to verify, esp. re mother of Magdeleine.]
The brother of Nicholas Ladner II, Pierre Ladner (1764-1809+), settled on the Pascagoula River in 1809, on Claim No. 133, which was one of actual settlers who had no claim from either the French, British, or Spanish Governments. Pierre Ladner’s homestead was in Section 39, T6S-R6W about 1.5 miles east of the Evergreen community.(The American State Papers, 1994, p. 38)
Jean-Baptise Baudreau II (d. 1757) married Marie Catherine Vinconnau. Their daughter Catherine Louise Baudreau (1742-1806) married Joseph Bosarge (1733-1794) of Poitiers, France in June 1762. They are the progenitors of the large Bosarge family of coastal Alabama and Mississippi. (Atkinson, 1991, p. 23)
Another daughter of Baudrau II, Genevieve Baudrau, married Charles Leblanc in 1783. Their son, Joseph, born in 1788, became known as St. Cyr Seymour (1788-1845). His issue with Marie-Joseph Ryan (1786-1876) commenced the large Seymour family of our region. (Lepre, 1995 , pp. 54-61 )
The Seymour family has its roots on the north shore of Graveline Lake in Section 5, T8S-R7W. Here the children of St. Cyr and Marie-Joseph made their livelihoods as subsistence farmers and stockmen in the same manner as their great great grandfather, Jean-Baptiste Baudrau dit Graveline. They left their family homestead to settle at Biloxi Latimer, Fort Bayou, Ocean Springs, and North Biloxi. (The Ocean Springs Record, January 15, 1998)
||3 Apr 2011 |
||Urbain BAUDREAU, dit Graveline, b. 3 May 1623, Clermont, Bourges, France , d. 28 Jan 1695, Montreal, Quebec (Age 71 years) |
||Mathurine Marguerite JUILLET, b. Abt 1651, Montreal, Quebec , d. 3 Jun 1723, Montreal, Quebec (Age ~ 72 years) |
||20 Oct 1664
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Emashapa PANYOUASAS |
|+||1. Magdeliene BAUDREAU, dit Pany, b. Jan 1711, La Belle Fontaine, Pascagoula, Jackson County, Mississippi , d. 1748, Pascagoula, Jackson County, Mississippi (Age ~ 36 years)|
||18 Feb 2016 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart